Hawks Aloft Inc.
PO Box 10028
Albuquerque, NM 87184
Phone: 505 828-9455
Fax: 505 828-9769
E-Mail: gail@hawksaloft.org

Logo: Hawks Aloft Inc.

Hawks Aloft Blog

Blog Topic: General

Adventuring on the Peruvian Amazon with Hawks Aloft and Wildside Nature Tours

Sunset on the Maranon River, Peru.  Image by Edison Buenano.

Water, water, everywhere! Our group of 17 called the La Perla riverboat home for 8 days, venturing out in large skiffs to explore the black water tributaries of the Marañon and Yucialli rivers, themselves tributaries of the might Amazon.  This trip was scheduled during the rainy season, when the rivers are in flood stage, facilitating access via boat to areas that would otherwise be impossible to reach during the much hotter dry season. Many of us were worried, needlessly, about the copious downpours featured in movies, but only one gentle shower graced our stay for about two hours. Diversity was the norm on this adventure focusing not just on birds, but all wildlife as well as native customs.

One of our group’s boats on the Amazon River. Image by Gail Garber.

One skiff was dedicated to birding and the other to photography. Of course, my choice was the birding skiff, where Edison Buenaño was our guide.  Birding the tropics seems to always be a challenge due to the huge number of species and the unfamiliar calls, but Edison, native to Ecuador and one of the premier guides in South America, knew each and every vocalization.  It was his excellent ear that lead us to see some very unusual birds, like the Hoatzin, a very rare bird indeed.

Hoatzin, Image by Edison Buenano.

In all, we tallied about 300 different species, depending on the choice of boat and whether you were looking in the right direction at the right time.  The Amazon and its tributaries are home to freshwater dolphins, including the Amazon River dolphin or Boto, a freshwater dolphin found in the Amazon and Orinoco Rivers of South Amercia. It is the largest river dolphin species in the world and comes in pink and gray.  One afternoon, there was an apparent feeding frenzy near the boat that yielded great looks at both pink and gray dolphins.  There were numerous sightings of Three-toed Sloths with young, and many species of monkey.

Pink River Dolphin. Image by Edison Buenano.

Brown-throated Three-toed Sloth and Baby. Image by Edison Buenano.

One of the highlights was visiting the local villages where we were treated to a traditional meal before visiting the school. We had brought school supplies to share and some soccer balls too!  The kids regaled us with songs and asked us to sing back to them which caught all of us adult Americans off-guard as we were not expecting that.  We all looked at each other dumbfounded; then one of us began singing Old MacDonald Had a Farm.  We all chimed with a “Moo Moo Here and Moo Moo There – EIEIO!”  Luckily there are no recordings of that!

Children in the School. Image by Gail Garber

The pond at the next village was chock full of the giant Amazon Victoria Lilies, complete with a Wattled Jacana family where parents and chicks were comfortably walking atop the lily pads with a spread of six or more feet.

Victoria Lilies. Image by Gail Garber.

We also watched an artist creating fibers from the slender leaves of  native plants and then using native plants to dye the strands in bright orange and yellows!  We visited the area Shaman who shared her knowledge of natural medicines and blessed our group in a ritual ceremony.

Fibers Removed from Native Plants. Image by Gail Garber

Native Woman Getting Ready to Dye Fiber Using Natural Dyes.  Image by Gail Garber

 

Dyeing Fiber

Kathleen Ramsay and her son, Ty Horak were among the participants; some of you might know her as “Doc”, the wildlife veterinarian that has cared for some of the most difficult rehabilitation cases in New Mexico.  On two different occasions, kingfishers collided with the La Perla windows, only to be rescued, revived and later released alive and well.

The morning cacophony was mostly dominated by seemingly endless large flocks of White-winged Parakeets traveling from their roosts to begin foraging.  One day, our astute local guide, Victor Ramirez Arevalo spotted a White-winged Parakeet trapped in a fishing net that had been hung out to dry.  While we anxiously cooled our heels on the skiff, he approached the local villagers to ask permission to release the little guy/gal.  Soon, he was stepping back aboard the skiff with a very stressed and overheated parakeet.  This time, it was my privilege to loosely hold the bird in Sami Sanborn’s neckerchief, while Bruce Stone dabbed water on the cloth to aid in cooling the bird.  We released the parakeet not far away, but safely away from the fishing net.  And, so it went, with first on new lifer and then another, and monkey antics galore.

Victor Rescues the Trapped White-winged Parakeet. Image by Joan Grissing.

 

White-winged Parakeet, feeling better and ready for release. Image by Joan Grissing.

While all meals on the La Perla were outstanding, the evenings were the best, when the staff morphed into “The Chunky Monkeys”, regaling us with local tunes and even dancing!  What could be better!

Amazon Riverboat Trip Participants

 

Map of Area Our Group Visited.

Our final quest was the Humboldt Penguin, along the coast.  Pucusana, an hour south of Lima, was our destination, where a rickety boat with a small motor awaited.  The abundant and beautiful Inca Terns a rickety boat to motor around a very large land formations, the territory of seabirds of all kinds.  The ocean swells were enormous and the little boat floundered along until we reached a cliff tucked back in among a deep cleft in the massive cliff.  As the tiny boat rose and fell with the roiling swells and appeared to be drifting right toward the rocks, the penguins appeared under the shelter of an overhang. We definitely earned that particular species!

Humboldt Penguins. Image by Gail Garber

About half of the group returned home that night while others traveled on to Machu Picchu and other far flung sites.  It was yet another Hawks Aloft Grand Adventure!  I hope you will join us in Guatemala in January 2019!

1 comment - Add your comment!

New Mexico Wildlife Rehabilitators’ Alliance Symposium

On Saturday, April 7, Hawks Aloft is very pleased to be hosting the inaugural event from the New Mexico Wildlife Rehabilitators’ Alliance. This one-day symposium will happen in conjunction of two days of classes brought to us by the International Wildlife Rehabilitation Council.

The IWRC is putting on two full-day classes–one in basic wildlife rehabilitation, and the other on pain and wound management. On the third day of the symposium, the New Mexico Wildlife Rehabilitators’ Alliance will convene for educational sessions that address the impacts of energy development on wildlife, the 30-year Eagle Law, and extended discussion of permitting, laws, regulations, and how we can increase collaboration for the benefit of wildlife throughout the region.

Head over to our event page to register for the event!

Add your comment!

Animals and Forest Fires, Pt.1

The wildfires that recently raged in California’s North Bay have renewed concerns about the dangers and effects of forest fire across the West. After dealing with the immediate concerns—that the fire spread so uncontrollably and killed several dozen people and destroyed thousands of homes, businesses, and other developed spaces, many began to wonder about the less apparent effects, for example—what happens to wildlife during these events? Hawks Aloft supporters might be wondering in particular—what happens to birds during forest fires?  

Forest fires aren’t necessarily unnatural or bad. In fact, over millennia, many species have evolved to cope with fire where it is a natural part of the landscape. In fact, some organisms, like morel mushrooms, for example, only produce spores when stimulated by the heat of fire. Additionally, certain plants only seed in the aftermath of events such as these and young aspen trees thrive in the nutrient rich soil post-burn. Some birds benefit tremendously—take, for example, species of woodpecker, who when new habitats are formed in the wake of forest fire, swoop in and feast on bark beetles exposed in dying trees. Species like these actually benefit as a result of wildfire.  

Three-toed Woodpecker, image by Alan Murphy

Yet, October’s fires in California were caused by human activity, not natural events such as lightning. And with a rising global temperature, fire season is lasting longer, and individual fires are blazing for extended periods of time. When massive fires such as these attack landscapes where natural fire activity has long been suppressed, the impacts can be more far-reaching.  

Generally speaking, birds fly away, mammals run, and amphibians and other small animals burrow into the ground or hide in logs or under rocks. Young, weak animals, and nestling birds (during certain times of the year, of course) are the losers in these scenarios, because they are unable to flee to safety. Despite these inevitable casualties, usually direct mortality to avian life isn’t very broad or devastating during forest fires.  

What can negatively impact bird populations in areas of forest fire are things like air quality. Birds are circular breathers, so smoke from fires can damage their delicate respiratory systems. However, impacts like these haven’t been widely studied on bird populations, so it is difficult to gauge the number of birds who might have succumbed to these peripheral effects. 

For example, during a 1999 fire in the Everglades, smoke is thought to have contributed to the deaths of 50 adult White Ibises, and low-flying birds, by some accounts, suffer even more.  

In New Mexico, Hawks Aloft has spent five years monitoring birds in the Jemez, gauging various species responses to fire, and the habitats created in their aftermath. So far, what we have come to understand is that responses vary considerably across the 112 species documented there. Species of concern, like the Grace’s Warbler were far less present in burned habitat than unburned, while species like the Western Bluebird seemed to thrive in burned landscapes. A sample of information gleaned from our studies is pictured below.

Image by David Powell, featuring information gained through five years of study by Hawks Aloft staff

Every forest fire is different in its breadth and reach, and each habitat is different. It will take time and deliberate study to understand the impacts of California’s fires on the bird life there. As always and as a testament to the resilience of nature, some species will be hurt and some will thrive after this widespread blaze. What is assured, that given time, the forest will rebound and the habitat there will, once again, transform.  

Add your comment!

What’s Up with Avian Flu?

You may have heard a lot about avian influenza (AKA avian flu or bird flu) a lot in the news lately—and it probably sounded quite scary! In an effort to assuage some of the mounting fear on the topic, we thought we’d explore what avian flu is, how it is spread, and how it behaves in the human, as well as the bird body. While avian flu has had an impact across the globe, in actuality, its effects have remained minimal. So, what is the deal with avian flu? And who does it effect?

Avian flu is a highly pathogenic disease (dubbed H5N1, with variations on the disease being numbered H5N2-9), which is quite common in wild birds. Many birds carry the virus in their intestines, but it does not make them sick or impede a heathy life in any way. Despite its mostly innocuous behavior, it is highly contagious among most birds (and across species). Researchers have been studying the way it is transferred and how wild bird bodies process and adapt to the disease since it was first isolated from terns in South Africa in 1961.

Avian Flu was first isolated in Terns in South Africa. This image by David Powell

Avian Flu was first isolated in Terns in South Africa. This image by David Powell

Birds transfer the virus between one another through saliva, nasal secretions, and feces. As mentioned above, generally, this doesn’t cause any problems, at least until the virus comes in contact with a domesticated species of birds, which includes chicken, duck, and turkey—all of which human beings like to eat. Outbreaks among poultry, in turn, put people at risk of becoming sick.

The effects in human beings vary depending on the strain—but people can’t catch the disease from wild birds, only from handling infected poultry. Symptoms in human beings include fever, cough, sore throat, muscle aches, eye infections, and respiratory diseases.

In recent months, there have been outbreaks of avian flu in China, Taiwan, Belgium, South Africa, and the U.S., though in these instances, not every outbreak has led to sickness in humans. In fact, despite widespread concern, last year only one death from avian flu was recorded in the United States—the result of infection contracted at a turkey farm in Indiana.

The disease isn’t easy for humans to contract, thankfully, and it is difficult for humans to pass amongst each other. Since the avian flu is mostly relegated to domestic, farmed birds, it shouldn’t impede any of your birdwatching or appreciating in the slightest! Wild birds, resilient as ever, don’t suffer with avian flu in the way that other species do. Another reason to watch in wonder as they pass by overhead!

Unfortunately, farmed domestic birds are most vulnerable to Avian Flu

Unfortunately, farmed domestic birds are most vulnerable to Avian Flu

Add your comment!

West Nile Virus & Birds

Mosquitoes can breed in just a couple of tablespoons of water, which is why the gallons of water standing in the bosque are a little troubling when it comes to management of the pests. This year, heavy snowpack, coupled with early warming (before a late cold snap) caused the river to rise higher sooner and stay longer, causing flooding in the bosque. All these forces combined to create a perfect breeding ground for mosquitoes, bolstering their numbers considerably, and causing a concern for the city as early in the year as April. Since mosquitoes can go from egg to adult in a week, it is high time to start thinking about what we all can do to mitigate the concerns created by an increased mosquito population. At Hawks Aloft, West Nile Virus (WNV) is now at the front of our minds.

West Nile Virus was first detected in New Mexico in 2003. This, of course causes concern for humans—there were six confirmed cases of the virus in New Mexico last year, one of which resulted in death. It is also a concern for horses, who can be killed when infected, and dogs, in whom it can cause heartworm. And, it is also a very serious concern for avian populations. The last time mosquito populations boomed in our state, local Cooper’s Hawk and crow populations were devastated by an outbreak of the disease.

Mosquitoes are a primary carrier of West Nile Virus, which can be devastating to various bird species

Mosquitoes are a primary carrier of West Nile Virus, which can be devastating to various bird species

In birds, the mosquito-born pathogen creates a rapid, traumatic response, resulting in death rather quickly. Taken with the many other threats to birds—like cats, pesticide use, and habitat loss—WNV contributes to a huge overall decline across species throughout the entirety of the U.S. For example, a study released in 2015 indicated that Warbling Vireo populations had been reduced a full one-third solely due to WNV (killing 15 million of the 49 million total population). This strong impact on certain bird populations is related to the fact that the virus multiplies more quickly in an avian host than in, say, a mammal. Over 300 species of birds have been found infected with WNV, which is very troubling considering the very high rate of mortality among them once infected.

Our resilient Avian Ambassador, Aires

Our resilient Avian Ambassador, Aires

Hawks Aloft has been directly affected by the spread of this disease. One year, Aires, a Swainson’s Hawk that came to us in the mid-90’s after being hit by a car in Raton, was found listless on the floor of her mew. Panicked, her caretaker rushed her to Petroglyph Animal Hospital, where she was treated for WNV, spending considerable time in an oxygenated incubator hooked up to a continuous fluid drip until the virus ran its course.  Had she not been treated so promptly, the disease might have caused a plethora of awful symptoms including ataxia, weakness, tremors, loss of flight, blindness, rapid weight loss, and in its final stages, severe seizures. Aires recovered and is happy and healthy today, but many birds are not as lucky.

This year, anticipating the boom in pathogen-carrying mosquitoes, we have committed to vaccinating every single one of our beloved Avian Ambassadors against the virus—that’s 25 birds in total!—so that they will never know the suffering caused by this disease. The conservation work that these birds help us to do is invaluable, and we want to protect their health and safety at any cost, although it is an overwhelming financial burden. The total cost of the vaccinations is around $1,700, straining the budget of our small nonprofit. You can help us to protect our Avian Ambassadors—including many species from a small Saw-whet Owl to large Red-tailed Hawks, and even one American Crow—by making a donation in any amount you are able. Helping us protect our birds means helping to protect birds everywhere by allowing us to continue educating our community about the importance of avian life. Thank you for helping us to continue our mission and for sustaining our Avian Ambassadors through these hard times.

Warbling Vireo by David Powell

Warbling Vireo by David Powell

2 comments - Add your comment!

Avian Habitat in Corrales

Corrales has always been known as the riverside oasis near the more urban Albuquerque, that somehow still maintains the feel of being far away. For this reason, it is perhaps one of the most accessible jumping off points for local birders and all-around nature lovers to take a stroll along the river and observe local flora and fauna, among those, bird species. Since 2004, Hawks Aloft staffers and volunteers have done just that—and specifically, have monitored the abundance of various bird species throughout the years and seasons.

Spotted Towhee, Image by Kristin Brown

Spotted Towhee, Image by Kristin Brown

Recently, our lead avian biologist, Trevor Fetz, compiled a brief report on the findings of these extensive surveys so far, as they relate to Corrales. (You can read the full report here, in the form of a downloadable PDF.) The report chronicles the findings across 22 different transects in the Corrales bosque (out of a broader 81 transects along the middle Rio Grande, that include outlying areas like Albuquerque). The report details the avian density along different transects, presenting the data as the number of birds per 100 acres. Avian richness is also indicated, that is, the number of different species observed. The numbers determined were then contextualized in light of different events such as drought, bank terrace construction, and thinning efforts on behalf of local governments. The report also importantly draws comparisons between two types of habitat present in the Corrales bosque—drain transects with understory vegetation and those without.

Lazuli Bunting, Image by David Powell

Lazuli Bunting, Image by David Powell

The surveys found that in recent years (about 2010-2016) avian density decreased (from preceding years, from about 2004-2010) during both summer and winter months—with winter bird density significantly lower from 2011-2016. It is important to note that drought was a significant factor in avian population declines from 2010-2014; however, despite more moisture post-2014, Corrales avifauna did not bounce back as quickly as other parts of the bosque. The report suggests that this could be attributed to vegetation thinning in the area, particularly of Russian olive, which provides essential habitat for many species of bird along the Rio Grande in Corrales.

Hawks Aloft will continue our work monitoring the middle Rio Grande bosque, in Corrales and beyond. However, this report, which takes into account more than a decade’s worth of findings, shows concern for some important developments to consider moving forward.

To read the full report, complete with charts and in-depth explanation of processes, head over to our Publications page, where you can find a link to the report by Trevor Fetz.

 

Bewick's Wren, Image by Kristin Brown

Bewick’s Wren, Image by Kristin Brown

Add your comment!

Decolonizing Nature at UNM

What does decolonization mean? And, how can one even begin to address the process of decolonizing something as big and full of meaning as nature? These are heady topics, and a recent conference in Albuquerque sought to address them in a multitude of ways. I was lucky enough to write an article for the Weekly Alibi about the recent Decolonizing Nature conference, hosted by UNM at the National Hispanic Cultural Center, and in turn, attend some sessions on behalf of Hawks Aloft.

The conference, which was held between April 18 and 22, included an array of sessions that broached such topics as “Species, Place, Politics,” “Building Bridges—Art, Community, Humanities,” “Sustainable Communities,” “In the Borderlands,” and “Water is Life,” among many others. In addition, an art exhibition opened in conjunction with the conference at 516 ARTS and the UNM Museum of Art hosted a small film festival. Through this variety of mediums and topics, the organizers of the conference, led by Subhankar Banerjee, hoped to free minds when it comes to considering our planet and its fate, and to engage the community in a dialogue on its own broad-based health and happiness.

Goodbye to All of That

Virginia Colwell’s “Goodbye to All of That,” part of the Decolonizing Nature exhibition at 516 ARTS

In this process of shaking off prescribed notions of ways of being and interacting with the natural and constructed world, many vital and inspiring conversations took place. Each panel discussion allowed for brief lectures by a carefully chosen group of individuals and left ample time for questions and comments from the community. Jeanette Hart-Mann, who I interviewed about the conference, pointed out that the presenters were carefully chosen because they are individuals who aren’t just “writing glorious papers” for other academics but are actually doing the work that they think is meaningful in their field.

From "Golden Migration," a site-specific work by choreographer and dancer, Lisa Nevada

From “Golden Migration,” a site-specific work by choreographer and dancer, Lisa Nevada

Sitting in on “Species, Place, Politics” panel discussion was interesting, particularly because speakers were selected from a vast number of fields. What many might find surprising is that there were a large number of artists participating in the conference, always game to speak on how art can provide another language to discuss complex, nuanced topics. On this particular panel was local dancer and choreographer Lisa Nevada, and Silver City-based photographer (and former field biologist) Michael Berman, as well as UNM PhD candidate and biologist Carlos Carrion. Nevada talked about her site-specific art, Golden Migration, performed at Valle de Oro National Wildlife Refuge; Berman presented photography from the border as a vehicle for discussion; and Carrion, a native of Ecuador, talked about Yasuni National Park in his home country, and its fraught future due to Ecuador’s economic reliance on oil.

"Macho Peak Looking North," Pinto Ranch, TX, 2007. By Michael Berman

By Michael Berman

Each presenter addressed the topic in subtle, nuanced ways, suggesting there are infinite ways to tackle such pressing issues, using your own very specific and personal talents. As Hart-Mann mentioned when I interviewed her, the root of our ecological problems is that we view ourselves and our world as fundamentally different; that we as humans are set apart from the natural world. If we are separate from nature, then exploiting it isn’t so problematic. The aim of the conference, in part, was to realize that we are a part of this Earth, and what we do it, we do to ourselves. We are not “Earthmasters” as the Decolonizing Nature program described, but Earthlings, a single part of the biological web much bigger than ourselves.


Maggie and Idaho

 

Maggie Grimason is senior editor and an educator at Hawks Aloft.

Add your comment!

Ravens Hatching

In early April, Hawks Aloft, along with longtime partner American Tower Corporation and Nexius Solutions participated in the mitigation of a raven nest near Portales. The video below, graciously edited and produced by Steve Elkins, tells the story of the young ravens who were given a chance at life.

Add your comment!

Leucism in Birds

Several weeks ago Hawks Aloft staff made the trip to Monte Vista, Colorado for the Monte Vista Crane Festival. Upon their arrival they started to hear rumors of a Red-tailed Hawk haunting the edges of the wildlife refuge. But this was no ordinary Red-tailed; defying the colors that dominate the species, this was a largely white Red-tailed Hawk, with only the occasional rust or brown feather that birders might expect when it comes down to identifying such a bird.

The leucistic Red-tailed Hawk spotted in Monte Vista, Colorado. Image by Larry Rimer

The leucistic Red-tailed Hawk spotted in Monte Vista, CO. Image by Larry Rimer

This particular hawk—a leucistic one—isn’t an entirely common sight, and Hawks Aloft staff and volunteers were thrilled to spot it on their first day out. It is hard to get an accurate grasp on how common leucism is in birds, but Project FeederWatch, an extensive online database of bird species observed and reported by citizen scientists, has recorded only about 1,600 leucistic birds of any species out of 5.5 million distinct birds indicated. But what exactly is leucism? And why does it happen at all, albeit infrequently?

Leucism is a blanket term for abnormal plumage conditions caused by genetic mutations. This genetic inheritance prevents a pigment—melanin—from being carried and deposited in the bird’s plumage. This condition can end up looking like the Red-tailed Hawk spotted in Colorado, or it can also be displayed as white patches throughout the body, in places where they wouldn’t normally occur in a species. Sometimes the condition also manifests as an overall paler plumage in the bird, as if its color was diluted.

Leucism is quite different than albinism, another similar (and similarly unusual) condition in birds. Considered to be extremely rare in the wild, albinism is marked by a total lack of melanin. Leucism, notably, only impacts the bird’s feathers, while albinism is apparent in the feathers and elsewhere. For example, albino animals almost always sport red eyes, as well as pale pink or red skin, feet and bills. Leucistic birds usually have normally colored eyes, skin and feet; the condition of leucism only impacts the feathers.

Image by Larry Rimer.

Image by Larry Rimer

Although it is quite exciting to see a leucistic bird in the wild, they do face certain challenges that make their lives difficult. These birds, without the protective camouflage that other animals have, become more vulnerable to predators. Additionally, plumage colors play an important role in courtship and mating; as such, many leucistic birds may be unable to find suitable mates. Last but not least, the dysfunctional melanin production in leucistic bird’s feathers may even make it harder for them to fly. Since melanin is an important structural component to feathers, birds lacking the proper amount of this pigment may have weaker feathers that are more prone to breaking and less able to insulate the body against cold and damp.

Leucism can be a great burden on the bird, however, it does remain rare. As such, when a birder spots a bird such as this, it allows for a moment of pause as we consider the great complexity of avian life, and the beautiful and observable variety among these amazing animals.


Maggie and Idaho

Maggie Grimason is senior editor and an educator at Hawks Aloft

5 comments - Add your comment!

Intermediate Raptor Handling Class

On March 3, a small group of Hawks Aloft staff and volunteers gathered for a second time to acquire greater skill and comfort when it comes to working with our team of more than 20 permanently injured birds of prey. Raptor handling classes are a unique and important part of working at Hawks Aloft and provide an interesting way to interface with the bird species that are at the core of our mission.

Jeannine with Aztec

On this particular occasion, volunteers Mary and Brigitte, Raptor Rescue Dispatcher Jeannine, and I, sat down at Executive Director Gail’s house in Rio Rancho, eagerly awaiting a lesson from Gail and Education Coordinator and raptor handling aficionado Julia Davis on how to safely and comfortably work with our larger Avian Ambassadors. For this lesson, we were joined by Celeste, a Barn Owl, Aztec, a Great Horned Owl, and Idaho, a Swainson’s Hawk who came to us last year with feather damage. Each of these birds requires specific knowledge in order to keep them relaxed and happy on the glove, which was a key a point in this intermediate raptor handling class.

Bridgette with Idaho

Julia and Gail strongly emphasized the need to be familiar with each bird’s distinct needs. Do they have trouble balancing on the glove? Do they jump for the box when it is time for them to be put away, or, alternatively, do they tend to jump out of the box as soon as you swing open the doors? Do they tend to bate, and if so, do they require special attention to get resituated? This detailed knowledge of each particular bird’s personality and needs was strongly emphasized in this class series so far.

Mary B. with Aztec

Secondarily, with more advanced handling skills, more advanced knowledge of each bird’s species as a whole makes for broader insights into who each bird is, and allows the handler to better answer questions and confidently work with the bird while simultaneously delivering programming at events in the future. As such, another key component to these intermediate handling classes was discussing and sharing knowledge about each bird species. We all took turns explaining the range of each species, their behavior and habitat, as well as sharing some facts that make each unique. Taken as a whole, the classes have provided great insight not just into how best to work with birds on the glove, but into the a variety of raptor species, as such, these expansive classes have been worthwhile for all involved.

Maggie with Idaho

Maggie with Idaho

Add your comment!